RANI LAKSHMI BAI (1835 - 1858)

JHANSI KI RANI was the great heroine of the First War of Indian Freedom. She became a widow at the tender age of 18 and lived only till 22 yet she has inspired many and is still a living legend. She was the embodiment of patriotism, self-respect and heroism. Her life is a thrilling story of womanliness, courage, adventure, deathless patriotism and martyrdom. In her tender body there was a lions spirit.


At birth she was named Manu. The young Manu, unfortunately she lost her mother when she was only four. The entire duty of bringing up the daughter fell on her father. Along with formal education she acquired the skill in sword fighting, horse riding and shooting. Manu later became the wife of Gangadhar Rao, Maharaj of Jhansi, in 1842. From then on she was known as Maharani Laksmi Bai of Jhansi.


In 1851 Maharani Lakshmi Bai bore a son but her fate was cruel and she lost her child within three months. The Maharaja passed away on the 21st November 1853. Although prior to this the Maharaja and Maharani adopted a boy the British government claimed they did not recognise the right of the adopted boy. Thus they tried to buy off the Rani however she stated: "No, impossible! I shall not surrender my Jhansi!"It did not take her long to realise how difficult it was for the small state of Jhansi to oppose the British when even the Peshwas and Kings of Delhi had bowed down to the British Demands. The Rani’s battle now was against the British who had cunningly taken her kingdom from her.


After the British took over her government her daily routine changed. Every morning from 4am to 8am were set apart for bathing, worship, meditation and prayer. From 8am to 11am she would go out for a horse ride, practise shooting, and practise swordmanship and shooting with the reins held on her teeth. Thereafter she would bathe again, feed the hungry, give alms to the poor and then have food; then rested for a while. After that she would chant the Ramanyan. She would then exercise lightly in the evening. Later she would go through some religious books and hear religious sermons. Then she worshipped her chosen deity and had supper. All things were done methodically, according to her strict timetable. Such a dedicated and devoted women!


All these disciplined and training patterns came in use during the Indian Mutiny in 1857. Many lives were lost and innocence people killed. Although Bharat did not gain independence the Rani did win back Jhansi and created the state to its former glory having a full treasury and army of women matching the army of men. However Sir Hugh Rose attacked Jhansi on 17th March 1858. The next day’s battle was the Rani’s last. Her death was heroic, her army had declined as they were out numbered by the opposition. The British Army had encircled her and her men. There was no escape blood was flowing, darkness was approaching. The British army was pursuing her. After a great struggle the Rani died muttering quotes from the Bhagvad Gita.


When she went to War and took up arms she was the very embodiment of the War Goddess Kali. She was beautiful and frail. But her radiance made men diffident. She was young in years, but her decisions were mature. Such an confident and dominant women! A lesson is to be learnt for us all from her experiences! The words of the British General Sir Hugh Rose who fought against the Maharani several times and was defeated time and time again stated: "Of the mutineers the bravest and the greatest commander was the Rani".




Parrot ck3100 said...

We bow such great woman who sacrifice their life for the nation. When women decide something she can do it which men can't do. Their piousness, mercy, and tolerance is great.
Rani laskshmibai was great women which shows that still each and every women of the world can do anything and everything if they decide firmly.

Anonymous said...

I admire Rani Lakshmibai immensely. was wondering if you would know the name of her horse? surprisingly there is no mention of it anywhere unlike "chetak"!

Andy said...

Does jhansi ki rani..! does she have any double role in his personal life, or any kind of duplicate in real story, could any one please solve my query.

Anonymous said...

@Andy , I don't think there was any duplicate rani.. The serial that comes in Zee is just adding some commercial elements to the story.

Anonymous said...

http://rupalimokashi.wordpress.com/ for a marathi article on women in ancient india

Anonymous said...

Yes indeed it is an understatement
to say she was a legend, she is the epitome of all that a great and good human being should be.
I would lke to know more about her descendants, as I am doing research on her.Long live the glory
of this great Indian woman

sravanajyothi said...

LAKSHMI BAI:SHE IS FIRE OF WOMEN, AND INSPIRING TO EVERY GIRL.

VijiVijay said...

Being a women iam proud on Rani lakshmi bai, i admire her a lot. at times i feel all women should have the fire inside like Rani Lakshmi Bai to leed a life to aquire not only the freedom of our motherland but also freedom to live with selfrespects.

Professor said...

Dr.Vallioor K S Sridharan

Rani Lakshmibai , the Queen of Jhansi
to be adorned by every Indian woman.Being Scorpio Born , she was resourceful , pious ,virtuous outspoken , determionistic and a valiant fighter.She had appeared to be straightforward and magnanimous against the Cunning British and some Indians at that time.She had infact fought a straight battle with her Indian and Britis opponents.Perhaps , given a good plan, a military strategy she would have driven the British out with the help of her friend Tantya Toppe.But it was not to be because of the reaosn already mentioned.
May Her Soul rest i peace.wayis

Professor said...

Rani Lakshmibai , the Queen of Jhansito be adorned by every Indian woman.Being Scorpio Born , she was resourceful , pious ,virtuous outspoken , deterministic and a valiant fighter.She had appeared to be straightforward and magnanimous against the Cunning British and some Indians at that time.She had infact fought a straight battle with her Indian and British opponents.Perhaps , given a good plan, a military strategy she would have driven the British out with the help of her friend Tantya Toppe.But it was not to be because of the reason already mentioned.
May Her Soul rest in Peace.

Anonymous said...

Who says that the Rani is dead ? She is still alive in the Indian Hearts , She will never die. She is my ideal.

divya sasidharan said...

i adore her for what she was!i have always felt that she is in every indian women....her courage,wisdom and vision for hindustan is truly outstanding.how many of us have the guts to die for our country...the freedom we enjoy is the life of persons like lekshmi bai,and other revolutionaries..so dont misuse it...remember not to take it for granted,in every step we enjoy liberty,but what did they get in return.they couldnt even enjoy the freedom they deserved.....long live her inspiration in every indian...vante mataram!

Chinmayee said...

YES......to the query above Her horsewas named-"pavan" The horse unfortuanately died after the 3 day long journey made bye rani laxmibai to get out of jhansi when sir huge rose attacked Jhansi. She had to use a new horse which was afraid of water and failed her when she tried to cross the river to escape the british troops.She died as she couldn't cross the river.You should read Swatantryaveer Savarkar's book the uprising of 1857..

Anindita said...

Jhansi ki rani is a symbol of commitment,passion and love for the country.Its not about being a man or a woman,she symbolises that when a person has a purpose in life and the courage to pursue it no matter the body is of a man or a woman,no matter what the conditions are and no matter how hard life is on you,the soul gives you the strength to carry on,stick to your commitments and nobody can stop you.

rekha said...

rekha bansal
rani luxmi bhai is great lady
Who says that the Rani is dead ? She is still alive in the Indian Hearts , She will never die. She is my ideal.

Anonymous said...

we indians should be proud of her if you are watching the serial in zee tv you can see that as she escapes from one obstacle the other comes her way

as an answer to one of the quotes above the serial in zee is not adding any circumstances

Lalu(h) said...

jahnsi rani lakshmi bai is very good queen in indian history and i am very proud to say that i am an indian...lalu

Lalu(h) said...

our indian women should feel proud about jhansi rani lakshmi bai she is very bravic women who sacrifies her life for the freedom from the britishers and now we r feeling independent india from the british. such a daring lady in indian history.

Alla bakash said...

jhansi lakshmi bai is freedom fighter in indian history. i am very proud to about lakshmi bai as a indiam queen

bhuvana.m said...

jhansi rani lakshmi bai was a great woman. i am very proud to be an woman.i am the big fan of jhansi rani lakshmi bai..........

sadhana reddy said...

we r proud 2 be such a great freedom fighter of women of our india country salute to her...........i m great fan her........... she inspired alot people of woman.......................

Akansha Garg said...

Now i feel vry honorable to be called as Jhansi Ki Rani by my collegemates....

Anonymous said...

proud to be a women

swet said...

she is really brave..i love this srory...i salute to jhansi ki rani she gave her life for freedon of india against white peoples....

madhu said...

jhansi laxmi bai is a great lady n freedom fighter...she didn't die,she lives forever in the hearts of every indian..she is my idol n my aspiration..i salute to jhansi laxmi bai

sampad das said...

i m proud tht we had nd hve a queen like Maha Rani Laxmi Bai...she is alwyz alive among all true Indian's. at the same time m vry unhappy bcs many indian hve forgtn abt the gr8 freedom fi8trs who had sacrified thr lives to get independence... i request indian pls dont sell our country...be loyal...nd make our country strong nd proud... Jai Hind.. love u...

sasi said...

i love rani laxmi bai only because of her boldness and braveness.she is a rocking star in indian history.

abinaya said...

i like JHANZI RANI becoz she got a good father, guru, friends and even her lifepartner.. she s very bold.. she sacrifices her while life 4 our country INDIA... i proud 2 be say i'm her follower... i love my country...

Yogesh said...

i m proud tht we had nd hve a queen like Maha Rani Laxmi Bai...she is alwyz alive among all true Indian's. at the same time m vry unhappy bcs many indian hve forgtn abt the gr8 freedom fi8trs who had sacrified thr lives to get independence... i request indian pls dont sell our country...be loyal...nd make our country strong nd proud... Jai Hind.. love u...

Anonymous said...

proud to be born in RANI LAKSHMI BAIS COUNTRY.She will always live in the heart of all INDIANS. PROUD to be a WOMEN.

ndy peters said...

Must confess rani laxmi bai waz a rare gem @ d point in which most colonies under d british rule were helpless , she stood out wiv her courage n bravery , n died a honourable death , but neva really heard bout her until zee did a serie n quite dissapointin considerin d fact dat am an history, shd do more awareness bout her, Hail lord Mahadeh

rupali mehta said...

I LOVE RANI LAXMIBAI,SHE IS STILL ALIVE IN MY HEART..........I FEEL WOMEN LIKE HER MUST NOT HAVE BEEN NEITHER BORN BEFORE NOR TILL YET...........RESPECT FOR HER IN MY HEART I REALISED WHEN LAST YEAR
I GAVE HER SHRADHANJALI EVEN THIS YEAR.........I CRIED A LOT FOR HER,I THINK SHE INSPIRES ME A LOT IN EVERY TASK I PERFORM........SHE SACRIFIED NOT COMPROMISED THAT,S HER QUALITY WHICH IMPRESSED ME N SHE REACHED IN THE BOTTOM OF MY HEART.........MAHARANI LAXMIBAI GANGADHAR RAO NEVALKAR KI JAI..........

Anonymous said...

The names ...Nelson and others in British army during Jhansi Ki Rani period, really make me feel hated on them. As an Indian citizens, Never trust Britishers and never try to send our children to their place for works, as I feel like that.

Kailash said...

Really, the Britishers were found to be cruel and most cunning creature in the world.(After veiwing full episode of JHANSI KI RANI. If those were the case, then we the Indian Citizens should never forget the cruelty and cunningness during the regime or whatever they done before Independence of HINDUSTHAN.
NEVER TRUST BRITISHERS.AND NEVER THINK OR TRY TO SEND OUR CHILDRENS FOR WORKS TO THEIR PLACES.AND EVEN NEVER WELCOME THEM IN OUR COUNTRY.

Anonymous said...

rani lakshmibai , a great woman sacrifised everything for the country , we should salute her .

VIRANGNA MAHARANI LAKSHMIBAI KI JAI!

Anonymous said...

MAHARANI LAKSHMIBAI HAS NEVER DIED , SHE IS ALIVE IN MY HEART AND WILL ALWAYS BE ALIVE

Mythili said...

I respect Rani Lakshmi bai and all her good thoughts and works. I like her boldness and breavness. She still lives in our hearts.

divya said...

i like her a lot and i salute her because she so brave when she lost her son,husband,father and mother. she is called as the goddesses kali. i have a doubt after jhansi ki rani death did british people live india and after her the adopted son of her[anand] to which country he became the king.

abdul said...

i like her a lot

Anonymous said...

jhansi lakshmibai,she is very great woman.she sacrificed everything for nation.Every indian should proud of her.she is alive in my heart.

Ruthvik said...

handsoff to ranilakshmi bai. through this we can say britishers are nothing in front of her. after evry battle her quote for the britishers was bhag firangi bhag... i hope shes born again and get some awareness for the future generations.jai hind!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Anonymous said...

jhansi ki rani was the best is the best and will remain best forever.no one can become like her in this world.

Himani Vyas said...

RANI LAXMIBAI WHICH INSPIRES EVERY INDIAN WOMEN INLUDING ME.
SHE IS, WAS AND WILL BE THE BES WOMEN EVER.
NO ONE IS OR WILL BE BORN WHO IS LIKE HER.
SHE IS MY ROLE MODEL.
I AM BEING INSPIRED BY HER AND TRYING TO BE A POINT OR A PART LIKE
HER. THOUGH I KNOW THAT I AN NEVER BE LIKE HER BUT STILL TRYING TO BE LIKE HER.

Mansi said...

I respect JHANSI KI RANI a lot.I bow to her . BRILLIANT!!!. I want to become like her.

Anonymous said...

@ ANDI rani's best friend acted as a double to help rani escape the fort

Anonymous said...

she was an exemplary freedom fighter
as even being a girl child, she opposed all the superstitions and contributed a lot in our freedom struggle against the east india company.

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